Hyperglycemia (High Blood Glucose)

What is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycaemia is the cause of the typical signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus such as polyuria, thirst, weight loss, fatigue, poor wound healing ability, etc. Higher blood glucose levels results in the removal of blood glucose in the urine. This is called glycosuria . Glycosuria impairs the ability of the kidneys to retain water and causes excessive loss of water through urine. Hence, thirst develops together with polyuria. Loss of glucose is a loss of energy fuel. When the amount of energy fuel available becomes less than the energy demands of the body, fatigue and weight loss develop. Patients with poorly or untreated diabetes have poor wound healing capability. High glucose content in the tissue fluid is a good medium for bacteria growth. The severity of these signs and symptoms correlates to the degree of hyperglycaemia.

What are the causes of Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia can be caused by:

  • Taking inadequate dose of insulin or oral anti-diabetic drugs.
  • Too much food
  • Too little exercise or physical activity
  • Stress or illness

What are the symptoms of Hyperglycemia?

  • Extreme thirst and dehydration
  • Extreme tiredness and drowsiness
  • Stomach cramps
  • Dry and flushed skin
  • Frequent urination
  • Rapid and deep breathing
  • Blurred vision
  • Tiredness or fatigue

Hyperglycemia- what to do?

Test your blood glucose, record the values. Inform the same to your treating doctor and follow instructions

Contact doctor immediately if...

  • Vomiting, confusion, dehydration, discomfort or any symptoms of hyperglycemia are seen.
  • 2 consecutive blood glucose reading of more than 300 mg/dL
  • Presence of ketones in urine.

Hyperglycemia is one of the important causes of chronic complications of diabetes.

UKPDS study has proved that control of blood glucose level can prevent or postpone the complications of diabetes