What are diabetic neuropathies?
Diabetic neuropathies are nerve disorders caused by diabetes. People with diabetes can, over a period of time, develop nerve damage throughout the body. Some people with nerve damage have no symptoms. Others may have symptoms such as pain, tingling, or numbness—loss of feeling—in the hands, arms, feet, and legs. Nerve problems can occur in every organ system, including the digestive tract, heart, and sex organs leading to difficulties in digestion, sexual dysfunction, etc. About 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have some form of neuropathy. People with diabetes can develop nerve problems at any time, but risk rises with age and longer duration of diabetes. The highest rates of neuropathy are among people who have had diabetes for at least 25 years. Diabetic neuropathies also appear to be more common in people who have problems controlling their blood glucose, those with high levels of blood fat and blood pressure and those who are overweight.
Neuropathy Affects Nerves Throughout the Body
Peripheral neuropathy affects
Autonomic neuropathy affects
The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy include:
The symptoms of autonomic neuropathy include:
How can I prevent diabetic neuropathies?The best way to prevent neuropathy is to keep your blood glucose levels as close to the normal range as possible. Maintaining safe blood glucose levels protects nerves throughout your bod
Points To Remember
Early recognition and management of neuropathy is important because 50% of neuropathies may be asymptomatic and therefore diabetics are at risk of getting insensate injury to their feet.
ADA recommends screening for the neuropathy at the diagnosis and once in a year every year, using simple clinical tests